the genus aspidistra belongs to the ruscaceae family and contains approx. 80 members, all native to east asia. they are commonly known as cast iron plants. there are also some cultivars, with white/creamish stripped or dotted leaves available. find more info about these plants here: aspidistra care.
fittonias are commonly known as mosaic plant or nerve plant. there is a wide range of cultivars with a colorful fooliage available. fittonia verschaffeltii is native to peru.
fittonia verschaffeltii grows best if located bright and protected from direct sun. but it’s also suitable for light shaded to shaded positions.
it can be planted in a regular potting mix. keep it evenly moist but not wet, sitting in water can cause rot. the drying of the soil’s surface will be tolerated, but it shouldn’t dry completely.
a water soluble fertilizer at half strength can be given monthly from spring to fall and every six to eight weeks at winter time. recently bought or repotted plants don’t need to be fed for the first six to eight weeks.
the mosaic plant can be grown at room temperature the year round and needs a winter minimum of 15 °c/59 °f.
a high humidity is welcome. to promote denser foliage and shape plants the ends of growing stems can be pinched off.
fittonia verschaffeltii can easily be propagated with cuttings.
the genus aglaonema belongs to the araceae family and contains about 40 species. some of them are popular houseplants or used as office plants because they tolerate some poor conditions. but if you like to have a healthy and beauitful plant, give it some care. they are native to the tropical asia.
the chinese evergreen (aglaonema crispum) is available in a lot of varieties with silver or light green variegated leaves.
aglaonema crispum is tolerating low light but does best if located bright without direct sun. the variegated cultivars will need low to moderate light otherwise they can produce solid green leaves.
the chinese evergreen can be grown in a good regular potting mix. keep it constantly moist but not wet, sitting in water can cause rot. a moderate drying between the waterings is ok, but the soil shouldn’t dry completely.
a half diluted water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly in spring/summer and every six to eight weeks in fall/winter. new bought or recently repotted plants don’t need to be fed for the first six to eight weeks.
aglaonema crispum likes it warm (20-25 °c/68-77 °f) and needs a winter minimum of 14 °c/57 °c.
a high humidty is welcome but not needed. spraying it over with water keeps its leaves free from dust.
aglaonema crispum can be propagated with cuttings or by division.
the genus anthurium belongs to the araceae family and contains more than 800 members. most of them are native to the rain forests of central to south america. anthurium andraeanum is commonly known as flamingo flower. there are cultivars with a white or pink spadix available.
the flamingo flower does best if located in bright light without direct sun. but it also can be placed from light shaded to shaded.
it can be grown in a good regular potting mix. this has to be kept evenly moist but not wet, sitting in water can cause rotten roots. a slightly drying of the soil’s surface between watering will be tolerated, but it shouldn’t dry completely.
anthurium andraeanum welcomes a high humidity. it can be increased by spraying it over with water every day or placing the pot on a large plant saucer, filled with water. to assure that the pot do not contact the water put it in a smaller plant saucer.
it can be fed with a water soluble fertilizer at half strength. monthly in spring and summer and every six to eight weeks in fall and winter.
the flamingo flower likes it warm throughout the year with a winter minimum of 15 °c/59 °f.
the flamingo flower can be propagated with cuttings or by division.
euphorbia “diamond frost” is a cultivar, based on e. hypericifolia. the easy to care houseplant is becoming popular more and more. here in germany it is sold as balcony plant.
euphorbia “diamond frost” is suitable for a sunny, bright, light shaded or shaded location. if placed sunny to light shaded it can be a non stop bloomer. on a shaded place it shows less flowers.
a regular potting soil or a mix between humus and a bit of sand (3:1) can be used. keep it moist but not wet, drying at the soils surface between the waterings will be tolerated.
in spring and summer a half diluted water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly. if placed at room temperature during fall/winter every six to eight weeks. on a colder winter location there is no need to feed.
euphorbia “diamond frost” can be cultivated at room temperature throughout the year but can be wintered at +/-10 °c/50 °f. then it needs less watering.
euphorbia “diamond frost” can be propagated by cuttings.
the button fern (pellaea rotundifolia) is native to the temperate forests of new zealand. it’s also known under the common name roundleaf fern.
pellaea rotundifolia likes a bright place with a bit morning and/or eving sun but is also doing good if located light shaded.
a regular potting mix can be used. this has to be kept evenly moist but not wet. avoid overwatering such as completely drying out.
a water soluble fertilizer diluted by half can be given monthly during spring/summer and every six to eight weeks in fall/winter. if placed colder at this time there is no need to feed.
the button fern shouldn’t be placed to warm (+/-24 °c/75 °f) during summer but can be wintered at 10-15 °c (50-59 °f). it likes to be sprayed over with water regularly.
the button fern can be propagated by dividing its rhizom.
the genus asplenium contains about 700 species and some of them are called bird’s nest fern. the most famous species asplenium nidus is a very popular houseplant. it can produce leaves up to 1 m in length.
the bird’s nest fern can be placed from bright to full shade, without direct sunlight. but it’s doing best in bright to light shade.
asplenium nidus can be planted in a good regular potting soil or a mix between humus, gritty and some sand (3:1:1).
keep the soil evenly moist but not wet, sitting in water can cause root rot. also avoid a complete dry out.
a half concentrated water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly.
the bird’s nest fern likes it warm throughout the year with a winter minimum of 15 °c (59 °f). it loves to be sprayed over with water regularly. to keep its leaves free from dust, a weekly shower can be given.
Video: Asplenium nidus – Bird’s-Nest Fern, Nestfarn
the genus stromanthe belongs to the marantaceae family and contains about 13 members which are originally located in south and middle america. from stromanthe sanguinea are some cultivars available, very popular is “triostar”.
like the other members of the marantaceae family, stromanthe sanguinea is folding up the leaves in the night. if they are staying during the day this can indicate that it’s placed too to sunny or needs some watering.
stromanthe sanguinea can be placed from bright to half shady without direct sunlight. some morning and/or evening sun will be tolerated. if the colored cultivars are placed to dark they probably will show more greenish leaves.
a good regular potting mix can be used. keep it constantly moist but avoid overwatering such as drying out. wet legs can cause root rot.
a half diluted water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly in spring/summer and every six to eight weeks during fall/winter. there is no need to feed for the first six to eight weeks if you have recently re-potted.
the stromanthe likes it warm and should not be placed under 15 °c (59 °f) for a longer time. spraying it over with water can increase humidity and keeps its leaves free from dust.
stromanthe sanguinea “horticolor”
propagation can be done by division, for example when the stromanthe needs to be re-potted.
syngonium podophyllum is known as arrowhead vine, arrowhead plant or sometimes goosefoot plant. the popular houseplant is native to central and south america. there are some variegated cultivars available.
the arrowhead vine does best on a bright but not sunny place. it will tolerate some shade but then grows a bit slower. if placed to dark it produces smaller leaves.
it can be potted in a good regular mix. keep it constantly moist but not wet and avoid overwatering such as a complete dry out.
a half diluted water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly in spring/summer and every six to eight weeks during fall/winter. if recently re-potted or bought there is no need to feed it for the first eight weeks.
the arrowhead vine can be cultivated at room temperature throughout the year with a minum of 15 °c (59 °f) during winter time.
the arrowhead vine can easily propagated by cuttings.
the peace lily (spathiphyllum wallisii), sometimes called white sails, is a easy to grow and nearly “unkaputtbar” (undestroyable) indoor houseplant like we say here in germany. there are cultivars available with variegated leaves.
in it’s natural habitat the peace lily is growing under trees. so it’s liked to be placed bright to shady, without direct sunlight. sun can bleach the leaves and turn them brown.
spraying with water from time to time makes the peace lily happy and keeps the leaves free of dust. after the flowers have died out, they can be taken away. the peace lily starts blooming again in approx. four to twelfe months.
the soil, a standart potting mix can be used, should kept constantly moist but neither wet nor dry.
at room temperatur a water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly during spring and summer, and every six to eight weeks in fall and winter. in half of by the manufacturer indicated concentration.
the peace lily likes room temperatur througout the year but is tolerating a short time of approx. 10 °c (50 °f) in winter time.
spathiphyllum wallisii can be propagated by division. new crowns, formed at the plants side can be cutted and re-potted.
Video: Spathiphyllum wallisii – Einblatt, Peace Lily