euphorbia obesa – baseball plant, basketball plant

on first sight, euphorbia obesa is looking like a cactus without thorns. but it’s a member of the euphorbiaceae family and related to such popular houseplants like the christmas star (e. pulcherrima). the commonly named baseball plant or basketball plant succulent is native to south africa.

care

euphorbia obesa does best in sunny to bright positions. light shade will be tolerated but then it can grow a bit slower. plants growing in moderate shade should be slowly hardened off before placing it in full sun.

it can be planted in a regular cactus mix or a mix between standard potting soil, coarse sand and pumice (2:1:1).

the baseball plant can be deep watered, what’s flowing out of the pot should be removed after a few minutes. wet legs can cause root rott. before watering next allow to dry.

a half strength cactus fertilizer can be given monthly and if placed at room temperature in fall and winter every six to eight weeks.

euphorbia obesa can be grown at room temperature thoughout the year. but it can be placed at approx. 10 °c/50 °f in winter. at this temperature range it should be kept nearly dry, a fertilizer must not be given.

euphorbia obesa baseball plant

propagation

propagation of the baseball plant can be done by seeds.

ctenanthe burle-marxii – burle marx ctenanthe

the burle marx ctenanthe (ctenanthe burle-marxii) is native to brazil and available in different cultivars. during the night it’s folding up its leaves. staying on daytime can indicate that it needs some watering or is lacated to sunny.

care

ctenanthe burle-marxii likes a bright to light shaded location without direct sunlight. some morning and/or evening sun will be tolerated. the colored cultivars shouldn’t be placed to dark for building up its leaf color.

a regular potting mix can be used. keep it constantly moist but not wet. sitting in water can cause rotten roots. the drying of the soils surface will be tolerated but it shouldn’t completely dry.

a half strength water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly in spring and summer and every six to eight weeks in fall and winter. for recently re-potted or fresh bouhgt plants there is no need to feed for the first six to eight weeks.

the burle marx ctenanthe likes it warm and should not be placed under 15 °c (59 °f) for too long. spraying it over with water increases humidity and keeps its leaves free from dust.

ctenanthe burle-marxii
ctenanthe burle-marxii “amagris”

propagation

ctenanthe burle-marxii can easily be propagated by division.

echeveria derenbergii – baby echeveria, painted lady

the genus echeveria belongs to the crassulaceae family and some of its members are known as “hen and chicks”. echeveria derenbergii is native to mexico. it’s a drought and frost (approx. -4 °c/39 °f) tolerant succulent.

care

the baby echeveria or painted lady likes a sunny to bright location. if placed in the garden or on the balcony, make sure that rainwater can flow out of the pot, because sitting in water can cause rotten roots.

it likes a well drained soil, a standart cactus mix can be used. if you want to mix your own you can use regular potting soil, coarse sand and grit (2:1:1). echeveria derenbergii can be deep waterd, what runs out of the pot should be removed after a few minutes. before adding water next allow to dry.

a half strength cactus or regular water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly in spring and summer. if placed at room temperature in fall and winter every six to eight weeks.

the baby echeveria can be wintered at 5-15 °c/41-49 °f. the colder it’s placed the less watering is needed. a fertilzer must not be given. if placed warmer give as much light as you can.

propagation

echeveria derenbergii can be propagated with seeds or offsets.

lepismium monacanthum

lepismium monacanthum (syn. rhipsalis monacantha) is native to bolivia and argentina where it grows mostly epiphytic (sitting on trees). its stems are flat or three-angled and can get more than 40 cm/15 inches long. there are two subspecies (ssp. monacanthum and ssp. espinosa), both flowering in orange. young plants are growing erect, older ones hanging.

care

lepismium monacanthum does best on a sunny to bright location. during summer it can be placed outside, but make sure that rainwater can easily flow out of the pot. to avoid burned leaves it should slowly be adapted to the direct sun.

it needs a well drained soil, there are special mixes for epiphytic cacti available. if you want to mix your own, you can use humus, orchid bark and grit (2:1:1).

keep it moist but not wet, water running out of the pot should be removed after a few minutes. before watering next allow to dry. sitting in water can cause rotten roots.

a half strength cactus fertilizer can be given monthly in spring and summer and every six to eight weeks in fall and winter (if placed at room temperature).

lepismium monacanthum needs a winter minum of 15 °c/59 °f. if placed at this temperature give less water and don’t feed.

for flowering a night time heating reduction in spring can be positive.

propagation

lepismium monacanthum can be propagated with seeds or cuttings.

clusia major – pitch apple, autograph tree

the pitch apple (clusia major) is also known as balm apple, fat park tree or, because people are writing messages into its glossy leaves, autograph tree. it is native to the tropical middle america and can get approx. 20 m/65 ft tall in its natural habitat. there is a cultivar with green-yellow variegated leaves available.

care

the pitch apple is suitable for sunny to light shaded locations. to avoid burned leaves, new bought plants should get some time to adapt full sun. especially if placed outside during summer. for showing its colorful fooliage the variegated cultivar shouldn’t be placed too dark.

a regular potting mix can be used. it should be kept moist but not wet and can dry before adding water next. wet legs can cause rotten roots.

during the spring and summer clusia major can be fed every two to four weeks and if placed at room temperature every four to six weeks in fall and winter. with a half diluted water soluble fertilizer.

it can be cultivated at room temperature throughout the year and needs a winter minimum of 15 °c/59 °c. if wintered at this temperature it needs less watering and must not be fed.

a medium humidity is welcome. spraying it over with water or giving a shower keeps its leaves free from dust.

clusia major pitch apple

propagation

clusia major can be propagated with cuttings.

begonia semperflorens – wax begonia

the wax begonia (begonia semperflorens) is a very popular garden plant which also can be used indoor. there are a lot of cultivars available, with green or reddish colored leaves and pink, white or red flowers. the easy to care plant is native to brazil.

care

the wax begonia does best on a bright to light shaded place with partial sun in the morning and/or evening. the green leaved cultivars are also growing in shade.

it can be planted in a regular potting soil which can be mixed with a part of coarse sand.

keep it moist but not wet and avoid overwatering such as drying out completely. the drying of the soil’s surface will be tolerated.

a half diluted water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly in spring/summer and every six to eight weeks in fall/winter. if placed colder at this time, begonia semperflorens don’t need to be fed.

it can be placed at room temperature throughout the year with a winter minumum of 15 °c/59 °f.

propagation

the wax begonia can be propagated by seeds or cuttings.

neoregelia carolinae – blushing bromeliad

the blushing bromeliad (neoregelia carolinae) is native to brazil where it grows epiphytic (sitting on trees). there are a lot of cultivars available with white striped, red or orange leaves. its nestled deep in the crown sitting blossom is not very showy.

care

the blushing bromeliad (neoregelia carolinae) does good on a bright location with partial sun (morning/evening). light shade will be tolerated. if placed too dark, the variegated cultivars can loose its colors.

it needs a fast draining soil. there are special mixes for epiphytic plants available. but you can also use a mix between some humus, orchid bark and a bit gritty. keep it moist but avoid overwatering. let the soil’s surface dry before watering again.

a half diluted water soluble fertilizer can be given every four to six weeks.

the blushing bromeliad likes to have some water in its crown. spraying it over with water increases humidity. it can be placed at room temperatur throughout the year with a winter minimum of 14 °c/57 °f.

neoregelia blushing bromeliad

propagation

neoregelia carolinae can be propagated with offsets.

ficus lyrata – fiddle leaf fig

the fiddle leaf fig (ficus lyrata) is native to africa. its dark green and glossy leaves can get more than 40 cm/16 inches long. but there are smaller cultivars available.

care

ficus lyrata likes a bright location with partial sun (morning and/or evening), light shade will be tolerated. it needs room temperature throughout the year with a winter minimum of 15 °c/59 °f.

a regular potting mix can be used. keep it moist but not wet and avoid overwatering such as drying out completely. drying at the soils surface is ok.

a half strength water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly in spring/summer and every six to eight weeks in winter (if placed at room temperature). if placed at 15 °c/59 °f it must not be fed. a re-potted plant don’t needs to be fertilized for the first eight weeks.

the fiddle leaf fig loves to be sprayed over with water regularly. this also keeps its leaves dust free.

ficus lyrata fiddle leaf fig
ficus lyrata “bambino”

propagation

the fiddle leaf fig can be propagated by seeds or cuttings.

sedum burrito – burro’s tail

the burro’s tail (sedum burrito) is an easy to care houseplant, native to mexico. it’s suitable for a hanging basekt.

care

the burro’s tail likes a bright and sunny place. during summer it can be placed outside, but give it back when the temperature is falling below 10 °c/50 °f constantly. make sure that rainwater can easily flow out of the pot.

the soil should be well drained, a regular cactus mix or a mix between humus, sand and gritty (2:1:1) can be used.

during spring/summer sedum burrito needs to be good waterd, what runs out of the pot’s hole should be removed after a few minutes. overwatering can cause rotten roots. before adding water next allow to dry.

in spring and summer a half strength standard or cactus fertilizer can be given monthly.

for blooming in spring, sedum burrito should be placed at 10-15 °c/50-59°f during winter. now it has to be kept nearly dry, without fertilizing. if placed warmer give it as much light as you can.

burros tail sedum

propagation

the burro’s tail can be propagated by seeds, stem or leaf cuttings.

cotyledon papillaris

the genus cotyledon belongs to the crassulaceae family and includes about 10 species that are primarily distributed in south africa.

plant care for cotyledon papillaris

cotyledon papillaris does good on a bright or light shaded place with partial sun (morning and/or evening).

it can be planted in regular cactus soil or a mix between humus, sand and gritty (2:1:1). drench the soil and remove water flowing out of the pot after a few minutes. wet legs can cause rotten roots. allow to dry before watering next.

a half diluted cactus fertilizer can be given monthly in spring/summer. when placed at room temperature every eight weeks in fall/winter. cotyledon papillaris can be placed on about 10-15 °c/50-59 °f at this time. then it needs less watering, a fertilizer must not be given.

cotyledon papillaris

propagation

cotyledon papillaris can be propagated by seeds, stem or leaf cuttings. before potting the cut end should dry out for 2-4 days on a bright but not sunny location.