sacred fig (ficus religiosa) seeds

propagating the sacred fig (ficus religiosa) with seeds isn’t difficult. you can use a good regular potting mix. give the seeds just on the soil. to increase humidity put a glas or a freezing bag over the pot. don’t forget to air daily. place the pot on a bright location without direct sun. temperature should be +20 °c/68 °c. keep the soil moist but not wet.

the sacred fig needs approx. 7 to 21 days to germinate (at 25 °c/77 °f). if the seedlings are approx. 5 cm/1.97 tall you can start slowly adapting them to your room climate with extending the airing time day by day. when they are 10 cm/3.94 inches tall they can be divided an re-potted.

ficus elastica – rubber fig

the rubber fig (ficus elastica) is a houseplant which was very popular in the 1950’s. its leaves can get more than 30 cm/12 inchs long, but there are cultivars with smaller or variegated leaves available. it is native to india and indonesia. other common names: rubber plant or indian rubber bush.

care

the rubber fig can be placed from bright to light shaded but does best on a bright location with some morning and/or evening sun. for building up their colored leaves the variegated cultivars shouldn’t be placed to dark.

a good regular potting mix can be used. keep it moist but not wet and avoid overwatering. drying at the soils surface will be tolerated but it shouldn’t dry completely.

a half diluted water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly (spring/summer) and avery six to eight weeks (fall/winter). if placed a bit cooler in winter it needs less watering and must not be fed.

the rubber fig likes room temperature throughout the year with a winter minimum of 15 °/59 °f.

spraying it over with water increases humidity and keeps its leaves dust free.

ficus elastica rubber fig

propagation

the rubber fig can be propagated by seeds or cuttings.

sansevieria raffillii – snake plant

this snake plant (sansevieria raffillii) has glaucous leaves with dark mottling. its native to kenya.

care

sansevieria raffillii does best on a sunny to bright location throughout the year. if placed outside in summer, make sure that water can flow out of the pot. bring back inside if the temperature is falling below 10 °c/50 °f constantly.

the snake plant needs a well drained soil, a regular cactus mix can be used. it need to be good watered, whats flowing out of the pot should be removed after a few minutes. wet legs can cause rotten roots. allow to dry before adding water next.

in spring/summer a half diluted cactus fertilizer can be given monthly. if placed at room temperature in fall/winter every six to eight weeks.

sansevieria raffillii likes can be cultivated at room temperature throughout the year with a winter minimum of 14 °c/57 °f. if wintering colder it needs less watering and no feeding.

sansevieria raffillii snake plant
sansevieria raffillii var. glauca

propagation

the snake plant can be propagated by leaf cuttings or division.

euphorbia “diamond frost”

euphorbia “diamond frost” is a cultivar, based on e. hypericifolia. the easy to care houseplant is becoming popular more and more. here in germany it is sold as balcony plant.

care

euphorbia “diamond frost” is suitable for a sunny, bright, light shaded or shaded location. if placed sunny to light shaded it can be a non stop bloomer. on a shaded place it shows less flowers.

a regular potting soil or a mix between humus and a bit of sand (3:1) can be used. keep it moist but not wet, drying at the soils surface between the waterings will be tolerated.

in spring and summer a half diluted water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly. if placed at room temperature during fall/winter every six to eight weeks. on a colder winter location there is no need to feed.

euphorbia “diamond frost” can be cultivated at room temperature throughout the year but can be wintered at +/-10 °c/50 °f. then it needs less watering.

propagation

euphorbia “diamond frost” can be propagated by cuttings.

ficus benjamina – weeping fig, benjamin’s fig

the weeping or benjamin’s fig (ficus benjamina) is one of the most popularest house and office plants. there are a lot of culitvars with white or yellow variegated leaves available. the small ones can be used as indoor bonsai. its tolerating some poor growing conditions, but if you like to have a beautiful and healthy plant give it some care.

the weeping fig is native to asia and australia and can get till 30 meters (100 ft) tall in its natural habitat.

care

ficus benjamina does best in bright light with some morning and/or evening sun. but it also grows on a light shaded place. for building up their colored leaves the variegated cultivars shouldn’t be placed to dark. during summer it can be placed in the garden, but bring it in if the temperature is falling below 15 °c (59 °c) constantly.

a good regular potting mix can be used. keep it constantly moist but not wet and avoid overwatering or drying out. drying at the soil’s surface will be tolerated.

a half diluted water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly or every six to eight weeks during fall/winter. if placed colder at this time, there is no need to feed.

ficus benjamina likes to be placed warm throughout the year with a winter minumum of 15 °c (59 °f). to keep its leaves free from dust spray it over with water or give a shower. if becoming too tall it can easily be cutted back.

fresh bought or relocated plants sometimes drop some leaves but are producing new, if they have adapted to their new surroundings.


f. benjamina “variegata”

propagation

the benjamin’s fig can be propagated by seeds or cuttings.

pachyphytum compactum

pachyphytum compactum is a succulent plant with distinctively patterned fat leaves. a common name for this mexican native i havn’t found.

care

pachyphytum compactum likes a bright and sunny place throughout the year. light shade will be tolerated. during summer it can be placed outside. please make sure that rainwater can run out of the pot because wet legs can cause root rott.

a standard cactus soil or a mix between humus, sand and gritty (2:1:1) can be used. it can be deep watered from spring to fall, what runs out of the pot’s hole should be removed after a few minutes. allow to dry before watering next.

from spring to fall it can be fed monthly with a half diluted cactus fertilizer. recently repotted or bought plants don’t a fertilizer for the first six to eight weeks.

for showing its inflorescence in spring, a cold winter location may be helpful. pachyphytum compactum can be placed at 5-10 °c (41-50 °f). at this temperature range it has to be kept nearly dry, a fertilizer must not be given. if placed at room temperature during winter, give it as much light as you can.

the leaves of this beautiful succulent houseplant are breaking off very easily so be careful when re-potting.

pachyphytum compactum

propagation

propagation can be done by seeds or leaf cuttings.

sedum rubrotinctum – pork and beans

the genus sedum belongs to the crassulaceae family and contains more than 400 members. some of them are popular garden plants and really frost tolerant. the pork and beans or sometimes called jelly bean (sedum rubrotinctum) is a mexican native. there are cultivars with more yellow or red leaves available.

care

the pork and beans does best from full to partial sunlight. especially the red cultivars can loose their coloring if placed too dark. during summer you can give it in the garden or on the balcony. but make sure that the pot isn’t sitting in water after it has rained.

sedum rubrotinctum needs a well drained soil, a standart cactus mix or a mix between humus, sand and gritty (2:1:1) can be used.

during spring/summer it needs to be good waterd, what runs out of the pot’s hole should be removed after a few minutes. wet legs can cause rotten roots. allow to dry before watering next.

a half diluted standard or cactus fertilizer can be given monthly in spring and summer.

for blooming in spring, sedum rubrotinctum should be wintered at 10-15 °c (50-59°f). it has to be kept nearly dry and must not be fed. if placed warmer give it as much light as you can.

sedum rubrotinctum pork and beans
sedum rubrotinctum “rosea”

progation

the pork and beans can be propagated by seeds or leaf cuttings.

pachyphytum oviferum – moon stones

the genus pachyphytum belongs to the crassulaceae family. the moon stones (pachyphytum oviferum) are native to mexiko. its orange to red flowers are shown in spring.

care

pachyphytum oviferum does best on a sunny location. but it also grows on a bright to light shaded place. during summer it can be placed on the balcony or in the garden. but make sure that rainwater can easily run out of the pot because sitting in water will cause rotten roots.

a standard cactus soil or a mix between humus, sand and gritty (2:1:1) can be used. if the plant is in active growth (spring to fall) it can be deep watered. whats running out of the pot’s hole must be removed after a few minutes. before adding water next allow to dry.

the moon stones can be fed monthly with a half diluted cactus fertilzer if they are in active growth. recently bought or repotted plants don’t need to be fertilized for the first six to eight weeks.

for showing its inflorescence in spring, a cold winter location may be helpful. pachyphytum oviferum can be placed at 5-10 °c (41-50 °f). at this temperature range it has to be kept nearly dry, a fertilizer must not be given. if placed at room temperature during winter, give it as much light as you can.

pachyphytum oviferum moonstones

propagation

moon stones can be propagated by seeds, leaf or stem cuttings.

crassula falcata – propeller plant

the propeller plant (crassula falcata) is an easy to care for succulent, native to south africa. it’s flowering from orange to red.

care

crassula falcata likes a sunny place but also does good on a bright or light shaded location. during summer it can be placed in the garden but make sure that rainwater can easily run out of the pot’s hole. if the temperature is falling under 10 °c (50 °f) constantly give it back into the house.

it can be planted in a mix between humus and sand (2:1) or in standart cactus soil. it needs to be good watered, what runs out of the pot’s hole should be removed after a few minutes. allow to dry before adding water next. overwatering can cause rotten roots.

it can be fed with a half diluted cactus fertilizer monthly in spring/summer.

for flowering in spring the propeller plant should be placed at 10-15 °c (50-59 °f). it now has to be kept nearly dry, a fertilizer must not be given.

crassula falcata propeller plant

propagation

the propeller plant (crassula falcata) can be propagated by seeds, stem or leaf cuttings.

crassula cv. “morgan’s beauty”

crassula morgans beauty

crassula “morgan’s beauty is a hybrid between c. falcata and c. mesembryanthemopsis.

nephrolepis exaltata – sword fern

the sword fern (nephrolepis exaltata), aka boston fern or fishbone fern is a very popular houseplant. there are cultivars with variegated or ruffled leaves available. it’s suitable for a hanging basket.

care

the sword fern (neprholepis exaltata) does good from bright indirect light to partial shade. some morning and/or evening sun is ok.

it can be planted in a regular potting soil or a mix between humus, gritty and sand (2:1:1). keep it evenly moist but not wet. the sword fern is more drought tolerant than other ferns so it’s no problem if the soil’s surface is drying between the waterings. but it shouldn’t completely dry out.

a half diluted water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly in spring/summer and every six/eight weeks during fall/winter (if placed at room temperature).

the sword fern can be wintered at +/-10 °c (50 °f). now it needs less watering (but no completely dry out) and must not be fed.

nephrolepis exaltata sword fern

propagation

nephrolepis exaltata can be propagated by division.