the genus stromanthe belongs to the marantaceae family and contains about 13 members which are originally located in south and middle america. from stromanthe sanguinea are some cultivars available, very popular is “triostar”.
like the other members of the marantaceae family, stromanthe sanguinea is folding up the leaves in the night. if they are staying during the day this can indicate that it’s placed too to sunny or needs some watering.
stromanthe sanguinea can be placed from bright to half shady without direct sunlight. some morning and/or evening sun will be tolerated. if the colored cultivars are placed to dark they probably will show more greenish leaves.
a good regular potting mix can be used. keep it constantly moist but avoid overwatering such as drying out. wet legs can cause root rot.
a half diluted water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly in spring/summer and every six to eight weeks during fall/winter. there is no need to feed for the first six to eight weeks if you have recently re-potted.
the stromanthe likes it warm and should not be placed under 15 °c (59 °f) for a longer time. spraying it over with water can increase humidity and keeps its leaves free from dust.
stromanthe sanguinea “horticolor”
propagation can be done by division, for example when the stromanthe needs to be re-potted.
syngonium podophyllum is known as arrowhead vine, arrowhead plant or sometimes goosefoot plant. the popular houseplant is native to central and south america. there are some variegated cultivars available.
the arrowhead vine does best on a bright but not sunny place. it will tolerate some shade but then grows a bit slower. if placed to dark it produces smaller leaves.
it can be potted in a good regular mix. keep it constantly moist but not wet and avoid overwatering such as a complete dry out.
a half diluted water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly in spring/summer and every six to eight weeks during fall/winter. if recently re-potted or bought there is no need to feed it for the first eight weeks.
the arrowhead vine can be cultivated at room temperature throughout the year with a minum of 15 °c (59 °f) during winter time.
the arrowhead vine can easily propagated by cuttings.
the diffenbachia is a very popular houseplant and there are a lot of cultivars with leaves spotted or striped from white to yellow or green available. the common name dumb cane is based of the poisonous nature of their sap. the genus diffenbachia belongs to the araceae family and is native to the tropical america.
as indoor plants often used are cultivars of dieffenbachia amoena, d. bausei or d. seguine.
dieffenbachias like bright light without direct sun but do also good on a half shady place. if placed to dark they will grow a bit slower and the extreme white colored cultivars will show more greenish leaves.
they can be cultivated in a good regular potting mix which has to be kept constantly moist but not wet. overwatering can cause root rot. they also shouldn’t completely dry out.
a water soluble fertilizer can be given at a half strength monthly during spring/summer and every six to eight weeks in fall/winter. re-potted or fresh bought plants don’t need to be fed for the first eight weeks.
dumb canes like a warm place throughout the year with a winter minium of 15 °c (59 °f). if sprayed over with water regularly this keeps their leaves free from dust.
cuttings from d. oerstedii
dumb canes can be propagated by cuttings.
what makes the prayer plant (maranta leuconeura) special is that it’s folding up the leaves in the evening and open it back again in the morning. if the leaves are staying during the day this can indicate that it’s placed too to sunny or needs some watering.
there are different colored cultivars available.
the prayer plant (maranta leuconeura) likes a bright place without sun. if placed sunny, the leaves can bleach. it likes room temperature throughout the year with a winter minimum of 15 °c (59 °f).
it can be planted in a standart potting mix. keep it constantly moist but not wet and avoid “wet legs” such as drying out.
to increase humidity the prayer plant can be sprayed over with water in the morning. this also keeps the leaves free from dust.
a water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly in half of the indicated concentration. after re-potting there is no need to feed for about six to eight weeks.
the prayer plant can easily be propagated with cuttings.
the genus clivia belongs to the amaryllidaceae family and contains six species. the bush lily (clivia miniata), also known as kaffir lily is native to south africa. there are cultivars with red, orange or yellow flowers available.
the bush lily likes a bright but not sunny location, a light shaded place will be tolerated.
the soil should be well drained, you can use a standard potting soil mixed with some sand (3:1).
keep it moist but not wet. water running out of the pot’s hole should be removed after a few minutes. let it moderately dry before watering next.
clivia miniata can be fed monthly during summer, with a half concentrated water soluble fertilizer.
in winter the bush lily can be placed at 12-16 °c (54-61 °f). it now has to be kept moderately dry without fertilizing. blooming time is in spring.
the bush lily (clivia miniata) can be propagated by seeds. older plants can be divided.
the members of the genus hatiora can be propagated with leaf cuttings or seeds.
cut off one or two parts of the sprout with a sharp and clean knife. the cuttings can be planted with or without drying before. if you let them dry, put them on a light shaded place for a week or so.
the cuttings can be planted in a regular cactus mix or a mixture of soil and sand (50:50). keep it moist but not wet and allow to dry between the waterings. put the young easter cacti on a bright but not sunny place at a temperature > 20 °c (68 °c). to increase humidity you can put a freezing bag over the pot. it has to be aired daily.
there is no need to fertilize for the first three months.
after two to four weeks the easter cactus will show new sprouts. now the freezing bag can be removed.
the sometimes called plover eggs, adromischus cooperi is a south african native. the leaves of this dwarf succulent can get 2.5 to 5 cm (1 to 2 inches) long. it belongs to the crassulaceae family.
adromischus cooperi likes a bright and sunny place, light shade will be tolerated. during summer it can be placed in the garden, but make sure that rain water can run out of the pot’s hole. because “wet legs” can cause root rot.
the soil should be well drained with some gritty, sand and a bit humus. a regular cactus mix can be used.
the plover eggs need to be good watered, what runs out of the pot should be removed after a few minutes. before watering next the soil must dry.
adromischus cooperi can be fed monthly with a half concentrated cactus fertilizer.
if you can give em enough light, it can be cultivated at room temperature throughout the year. during winter the plover eggs can be placed at 10-15 °c (50-59 °f). then keep it nearly dry and don’t feed.
adromischus cooperi can be propagated by seeds or cuttings.
the genus frithia belongs to the aizoaceae family and contains two species. both, frithia humilis and frithia pulchra are native to south africa. the beautiful succulents can be recognized trough its blooms and are sometimes called baby toes or window plant.
frithia does best on a sunny place throughout the year. they are opening their blooms in the afternoon sun.
they need a well drained and gritty soil with only a small part of organic material. don’t put them in to a regular potting mix. i’m using a mix of pumice and a little bit of loam free garden soil.
in their natural habitat they have some summer rain and so they are not shy of water. they need to be good watered when they’re blooming, what runs out of the pot’s hole should be removed after a few minutes. between the waterings allow to dry. during winter they should kept nearly dry.
a half concentrated cactus fertilizer can be given monthly during blooming time.
frithia can be cultivated at room temperature the whole year through, with a winter minimum of 14 °c (57 °f).
1-3: f. humilis, 4-6: f. pulchra
frithia can be propagated by seeds.
the genus rhipsalis contains approx. 40 species. they grow either epiphytic (on trees), epilithic (on rocks) or terrestrial (on the ground). as houseplants they became popular more and more the past years. the mistletoe cactus (rhipsalis baccifera) is developing small white to yellow flowers.
more info about the members of the genus rhipsalis you can find here: rhipsalis.net.
the chinese banyan (ficus microcarpa) has a lot of names, sometimes it’s called malayan banyan, indian laurel or green island fig. here in germany it’s very popular under the name ficus ginseng. the not so easy to grow housplant is sometimes sold as indoor bonsai.
the chinese banyan does fine from bright (without afternoon sun) to light shade. i have two, one placed on a northern window and the other on the south side gets some evening sun. during summer it can be placed in light shade in the garden or on the balcony.
ficus microcarpa needs a medium humidity and likes if sprayed over with water sometimes. this also keeps the leaves free from dust.
it can be grown in a standard potting soil which can be mixed with some sand (3:1).
keep the soil moist but not wet and avoid overwatering. remove water running out of the pot’s hole after a few minutes. let it dry at the surface between the waterings. but it should not dry out completely.
a water soluble fertilizer can be given monthly (half concentrated) and every six to eight weeks if placed at room temperature during fall/winter.
the green island fig needs a winter minimum of 15 °c (59 °f).
to keep the bonsai in shape it should cutted back. if ficus microcarpa is placed at room temperarture this could be done throughout the year. otherwise it can be done in spring.
propagation can be done by seeds or cuttings.