the genus dracaena contains about 40 species and belongs to the ruscaceae familiy. some of them are very popular houseplants. the madagascar dragon tree (dracaena marginata) is native to madagascar. there are some cultivars with variegated leaves (red or yellow edges).
the madagascar dragon tree does best on a bright to halfshady place without afternoon sun. some morning or evening sun will be tolerated. the variegated cultivars need a bit more light. during the summer it can be placed in the garden or on the balcony.
dracaena marginata can be cultivated at room temperature througout the year and a minimum of 14 °c (57.2 °f) during the winter.
keep the soil constantly moist but not wet. a regular potting mix can be used. from spring to the end of the summer water soluble fertilizer can be given every two to four weeks. during the winter every four to six weeks if dracaena marginata is placed at room temperature. if it’s placed colder there is no need for fertilization. i use the half concentration indicated by the manufacturer.
stem cuttings can be put direct into moist soil.